Month: April 2016

China GDP slows to 6.7% in first quarter

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China’s Gross Domestic Product grew at an annual rate of 6.7% in the first quarter of the year, says the government. 

This is the lowest rate since 2009 for the second world power; but comfortably  within the government’s targeted range.

In fact, whilst Beijing is supporting the industrial economy to maintain the decrease to an acceptable level, other sectors like the internet and technologies are growing.

All China’s bet consists to drive a gentle slowdown in the economy to rest the economic growth more on consumption and services, and less on the industry.

The industry and the financial sector have been standing idle in China since 2009, right from the start of the Subprimes’ crisis.

Besides, China’s economy needs to do with the sword of Damocles which represents its excessive debt. Only on the level of companies, the debt represents 160% of the GDP in 2016, versus 98% in 2008 according to Standards & Poors.

Finally, the deceleration is slower than anticipated by some economists. However, this support policy will have to continue if China’s government wants to reach its goal.

Valentin Demay, IEJ 1 Bis

 

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Committee recommends impeaching Dilma Rousseff

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The committee of Brazil’s lower house of Congress voted 38-27 in favour of the impeachment of Brazil’s president Dilma Rousseff . A vote in the full lower house is expected to take place on Sunday. If two thirds vote in favour, the impeachment will be sent to the Senate.

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Dilma Rousseff, the president of Brazil, is accused of violating fiscal laws by using funds from state banks to cover budget shortfalls. She’s also suspected of having participated in the Petrobras scandal which involved kickbacks and corruption.

If the upper house decides by a simple majority to put Rousseff on trial, she will immediately be suspended for up to six months while the Senate decides her fate. Vice President Michel Temer will take office as acting president.

Meanwhile, a request from the Supreme Federal Tribunal, Brazil’s high court, that Congress also consider a petition to impeach Mr. Temer, the vice president.

Last month , more than a million Brazilians have joined anti-government rallies across the country, ramping up the pressure on embattled president Dilma Roussef. Support for impeaching Ms. Rousseff slipped to 61 percent in a new public opinion survey by Datafolha, a prominent Brazilian polling company.

It would be the first impeachment of a Brazilian president since 1992 when Fernando Collor de Mello faced massive protests for his ouster on corruption charges.

Noëmie Bénéteau, IEJ 1BIS

Workers Strike in Mayotte

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Mayotte has been suffering for several days of a workers strike parylizing all the small island. The citizens claim their parity rights compared to the metropolis. This movement named “real equality” is taking more and more breath day after day. Because the Gross Domestic Production (GDP)  in Mayotte is more alarming than the other French overseas departments (DOM).

They are clearly behind compared to the rest of the conurbation. Questions about unemployment, demography, economy are also approached but there is no real solution (for the moment) between the population and the government.

This break-up is creating some riots in the center of the country with some militants blocking the roads. The current prefect of the island, Seymour Morsy, declared:

“People have the right to strike, yes. People have the right to show their discontentment, yes. But embarrassing the activity and the department circulation, no.”

Mayotte became the 101st France’s department in 2011.  The French government promised wide changes but in a General Accounting Office report established in January 2016, it shows how Mayotte suffers of this “dependence” on France. In this report, we learn that “construction work” takes retartedness.

3 Mayotte unionists travelled today to Paris to engage a conversation with the French Government, and especially with the overseas minister. They are asking for an immediate application of the Labour Code and social benefits in parallel with France.

Maël CHAUMIER, IEJ1BIS

 

FRANCE: BANNING THE HEARDSCARF AT UNIVERSITY ?

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Yesterday, the French President, François Hollande, invited on the TV show “Citizens’ Dialogue”, ensured that  “there will be no ban on headscarves at university (…) No constitutional rule would approve this,” he said. He also answered the question suggesting the headscarf could be considered as “an enslavement of women” adding that “it depends on the way it is worn in society”.

The debate about the headscarf at College was opened by the French Prime Minister, Manuel Valls. On April the 13th, he proclaimed that he was in favor of the ban on headscarf at University. A position considered as a “stigmatization” by the French Council of the Muslim cult and a “risk of fracturing the society” for the First Secretary of the Socialist Party, Jean-Christophe Cambadélis.

Several members of the government are torn about the idea of the Prime Minister. Najat Vallaud-Belkhacem, the National Education Minister,  said on the 12th of April that she “was not against this law. We deal with adults”. The day after, Thierry Mandon,  the State Secretary for High Education, said that “there is no need for a law about the wearing of headscarf at University”.

Concerning the Muslim headscarf, only the integral ones, like burqas and niqabs, are prohibited  in the streets or in any public spaces, including Universities, since 2011.

 

Marie Lefranc, IEJ 1 Bis

A schoolgirl harassed and abused in Créteil

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French prosecutors have announced a placement under judicial supervision and an expulsion order of  six teenagers between 13 and 15 years old, accused of abusing of a young girl.

They were placed in custody since Wednesday for beating Sandra, 12, after classes in front of Clement Guyard school in Créteil. The expulsion order prohibits them to be in the Val-de-Marne.

Racketed and harassed for over 4 months, the teenager was asked daily for increasingly big amounts of money.

That day, Sandra hasn’t the 170 euros asked by the girls , who are waiting few meters away from the school with knives.

After forcing her to steal food , they then urinated on her, burned her with a cigarette in the forehead and forearm, before fracturating her jaw and maiming her with knives .

For now, Sandra is in hospital, still in shock. Her parents decided to move very quickly to rebuild themselves.

According to the police, an investigation was opened and other girls are sought for.

Carla Biancarelli IEJ 1BIS

NIGERIAN GIRLS ARE STILL MISSING

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Source : CNN

219 of the 276 girls kidnapped two years ago by islamists of Boko Haram in Nigeria are still missing. The girls were kidnapped from their school and deported to an unknown place.

On Wednesday, CNN released an apparent proof of life video of fifteen of the girls, reportedly filmed last December. They wore flowing headscarves and stated their names. “We are all well,”said one of them.

56 students have succeeded to escape during the days following the snatching. They were then taken to an unknown place in order to protect them.

After their disappearance the hashtag #BringBackOurGirls has been one the most tweeted hashtags on social media and many events took place in the following weeks to protest for those girls.

Many times it was believed that some of them were used as kamikazes during terrorist attacks in Nigeria, but no identification could be done. It seems that some of them have been married or sold, but this information could not be verified .

“Their research and the fight against Boko Haram will continue” assured Nigerian government.

 

Ilaria Congiu , IEJ 1Bis

Clinton/Sanders :A fight before the primary of New York

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The last fight between the Democrat candidates Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders took place yesterday on CNN. The fight looks tight with Sanders who knows that he is not a favorite and Clinton who wants to appear stronger by the end of the debate.

Clinton attacked the program of Sanders about his foreign policy and Sanders answered by referring to her relations with the big banks.

Clinton insisted in the debate on Sanders’ position against arms dealers. Indeed Sanders didn’t explain his solution about it.

The debate was particularly virulent and intensive because the state of New York is very important for the Democratic primary.

The two Democrats were yelling so loud that the presenter had to calm them.

Besides the fact that Clinton is in front of Sanders in the primary race, this debate can restart all the campaign because New York is one of the most important states and it could change everything.

Alexandre Ben Youssef IEJ 1 bis