FRANCE : Measles epidemic raises the question of vaccination

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A thirty-two-year-old woman died of measles on February 10th. The epidemic has been spreading in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in the South-East of France since November. This case occurs in a period of distrust toward vaccination. 

“The only way to stop the epidemic is that the entire population rapidly verifies their vaccinations,” explains the Regional Health Agency of Nouvelle-Aquitaine in a release. The epidemic started at the university in Bordeaux where students didn’t have up-to-date vaccination.

In Bordeaux, where the epidemic started, less than 85% kids are vaccinated against measles. In order to prevent the epidemic, the rate of vaccination should grow to 95%. The Health Minister, Agnès Buzyn, asks all the people who are not up-to-date to do a “catch-up”.

But a lot of parents are unwilling to immunize their children. Among other things, French people are particularly receptive to all the conspiracy theories when health problems are concerned, explains the sociologist Gérald Bronner in an article of Science et Avenir. In fact, according to a research of Santé Publique France, 25% of French people are mistrustful about vaccination.

Contrarily to common ideas, the measles is not just a childhood disease. It can affect babies, children, and adults. This disease can destroy lungs and has only symptomatic treatments. It starts with the symptoms of a common cold and then red spots appear on body and face. The Health Minister asks to anyone with these symptoms to see a doctor.


Since January 2018, the French government mandate 11 vaccinations for children, in order to prevent other epidemic. Before, only 3 were compulsory. Parents will have three months to regularize their situation.


Héloïse Thebault, IEJ3C


Rome : a whole street collapses in the city center

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Source : Wikimedia Commons

In the center of Rome, a street collapsed to form a crater nine meters deep. Nine cars are damaged. The fracture extends over almost 15 meters long. The evacuation of houses nearby was committed.

In the district of Balduina, in the heart of the city, a street collapsed on Wednesday evening, to give birth to a crater nine meters deep.

At least six cars were bumped in the abyss. As indicate the medias, the fault extends in almost 15 meters long.

Two residential buildings were evacuated by security measures and fire brigades confirmed that nobody had been hurt in the accident.

The security guards continue to verify the other buildings nearby to estimate the damages in a preventive way. Having examined the situation on the scene, mayor of the city, Virginia Raggi, assured the evacuated inhabitants that a social housing would be attributed to them.

The section of the road which collapsed was next to a building site, which according to the investigators, could be at the origin of the disaster.

It is not the first time a street collapses in the Italian capital. Less than a month ago, a 77-year-old woman walked on the pavement when she suddenly fell in a crater two meters deep.


« El Chapo » wants more money to guarantee his defense

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Source : Wikimedia commons

Two years ago, Joaquin « El Chapo » Guzman has been arrested by the Mexican police. The narco-trafficker will be judged in September but his lawyer said that he needed more money to defend him. 

The former « powerful man » of Mexico is coming out of the shadows. 25 months after his arrest, El Chapo lives in a New-York City jail, in very strict conditions because he tried many times to escape from there. Seven months before his trial, his lawyer, Eduardo Balarezo and El Chapo himself lamented about their low defence possibilities. In fact, the narco-trafficker’s friends began to pay the lawyer, but they can’t pay all the fees. “I received a partial payment of the fees, but his friends can’t pay the rest,” said the lawyer.

The major issue is that Joaquin Guzman can’t speak to anybody outside of the jail, even to his wife, because of the very strict rules. So he can’t give any instructions about the fees payment, and it remains unsettled. “El Chapo” warned the Federal court of the United States, that his trial may be a “joke” without more money.

14 billion dollars 

In more than 20 years at the head of the Sinaloa drugs cartel, “El Chapo” has collected more than 14 billion dollars, which makes him one of the richest men in the world. With this trial, the Federal court intends to recover a part of the booty. According to the lawyer, the trial should last approximately four months.

Pierre Zéau, IEJ3C

17 Borneo’s ourangutans die each day

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Almost forty researchers carried out a new study about Borneo’s orangutans. They found that these species are endangered.

Published on 15th February 2018 in  Current Biology review, the study reveals that between 1999 and 2015, more than 100 000 Borneo’s orangutans died because of deforestation and poaching.

According to the researchers, “it’s an alarming observation.” Precisely it’s almost 148 500 orangutans who died in the island located in Southeast Asia. They blame forest and mining cultivation. Maria Voigt, researcher for Max Planck Institute in Germany said to AFP : “The decline of the orangutans population has been huge in these places where natural ressources are too exploited. These apes cannot survive outside of these areas. However, during the study, most of them died  in wooded areas. That means poaching is the main cause of their disappearance.”  She assures that the number of Borneo’s orangutans have decreased to 53% since 1999. Today there are between 70 000 and 100 000 still alive.

In February 2018, an orangutan has been found with bullets in his head. They also found marks of a machette.

Orangutan, which means: “Man of the forest”, is the biggest ape of Asia together with Sumatra’s orangutans. These two species are endangered according to International Union for Conservation of Nature in 2016.
According to researchers, if it continues, 45 000 Borneo’s orangutans  could disappear by 2053.

Julien Coussy de Montella, IEJ 3C




Mass shooting in a Florida High School : The shooter is a white supremacist

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Two days after the mass shooting in the Parkland high school, the portrait of the terrorist Nikolas Cruz begins to be produced. He is 19, and appears to be a white supremacist.

Nikolas Cruz
Source: wikipedia

The perpetrator of the massacre at Parkland appeared Thursday before the judge. The charges against him are 17 murders with premeditation.

The American media searched very quickly to study the profile of the mass-killer. According to the Anti-Defamation League, an association fighting against antisemitism, Nikolas Cruz attended meetings of the “Republic of Florida”, a group known for extol the superiority of white race. He even participated in military trainings with the organization.

If the chief of the neo-fascist association first assured at the Daily Beast that the young man was “knowing perfectly that he was joining a paramilitary separatist white supremacist and neo-fascist group”, he finally retracted himself, pretexting a misunderstanding about the name of the person.

Nikolas Cruz is an former student of the Parkland high school. A fellow student testifies that he was excluded for threatening several classmates : ““A lot of people were saying it was going to be him. A lot of kids threw jokes around saying that he was going to be the one to shoot up the school,””. Another of his ex-classmate also testifies: “Everybody was thinking that it was just rumors, until it’s unfortunately happened.”

FBI recognized having been alerted in last September for a Youtube comment, written by a user having exactly the same name as the terrorist : “I will become professional shooter in schools.”

Esther Bassingha, IEJ 3C

Cyril Ramaphosa flight to aid of South Africa

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CAPE TOWN/SOUTH AFRICA, 10JUN2009 -Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa at the Opening Plenary on Africa and the New Global Economy at the World Economic Forum on Africa 2009 in Cape Town, South Africa, June 10, 2009

After the forced resignation of Jacob Zuma by his political party THE ANC, Cyril Ramaphosa takes over the reins of the country. Elected by the African parliament, he will aim at restoring serenity within the African government.

After several weeks of meetings and negotiations, the South African president Jacob Zuma is forced to resign on Thursday, February 14th, 2018. Entangled in scandals of corruption, Zuma had lost all credit among the South African people. His political party THE ANC which he managed during 10 years  called for his resignation and caused even his anger. Besides resigning, Jacob Zuma has made a declaration in front of the press. A declaration which ends even by a threat: « You will make many people angry. »

Cyril Ramaphosa: the new South African face

Further to the resignation of Jacob Zuma, The South African parliament decided to elect Cyril Ramaphosa fellow party member. He became head of the party only two months ago and now he already has the presidency of the country. Cyril Ramaphosa was an anti-apartheid activist in the 70s, he also participated in the creation of the biggest association of labor unions of the country: “La Cosatu”

According to Nelson Mandela Cyril Ramaphosa is: ” one of the most talented of his generation “. He left politics in 1999 after a defeat before returning in 2012. Vice-president of the party in 2012 then of the country in 2015, he becomes the new president of South Africa today and his historic legitimacy speaks for him.

This evening he will deliver a speech in front of the people and will aim at making the unanimity within a country often politically divided.                                                                                                                                   

Mikael Marciano, IEJ3C


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Wednesday, February 14 was the saddest Valentine’s Day for America. Nikolas Cruz, 19, opened fire in a Florida high school and killed 17 people. Fascinated by guns, he burst into the establishment equipped with an assault rifle. Yet during his speech, Donald Trump dodged the subject of arms that is still debated in the United States.



“Violence”, “hate”, “mental health”, and especially “God”. On Thursday, Donald Trump gave a speech for ten minutes in the White House on the killing in Florida without saying the word “gun” once.
He called on Americans to “respond to hatred by love”, and the president promised, as after each slaughter, to “tackle the difficult subject of health.”

The second amendment to the American constitution, which allows individuals to assemble in a militia to ensure “the security of a free state” is in his opinion not the source of the problem.
For Donald Trump, it’s important to “always report to the authorities” when you find a suspect.
The FBI has also acknowledged being alerted last September by a subscriber of the YouTube platform on the comment left by a user identifying as Nikolas Cruz: “I will become a professional shooter in schools.”
Wednesday’s attack is the 18th school shooting since the beginning of the year and the 291st in five years, after the 2012 killings at Sandy Hook Elementary School, which killed 28 people.

What do Americans say?
The debate resurfaces but as each time it runs out.
Chris Murphy, Connecticut senator, has meanwhile denounced laws too lax. “We are responsible for a level of mass atrocities that only happens in this country,” he lamented Wednesday before the Senate in Washington.
The hashtag #GunReformNow created a debate on Twitter on Thursday, with over 40,000 tweets.
Yet the Americans do not seem ready to surrender and only 28% want the outright ban on the carrying of weapons by civilians.

Léa Zafrani, 3C