Environment

Glyphosate : Europe has to take a decision

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Glyphosate is one of the most popular weedkiller component in the world. It is so used, that the substance has been found in 45% of Europe’s topsoil. It has been used on a very large number of cultivable acres. Commercialized since 1974, this molecule has been detected in several products, including the famous Monsanto’s Roundup.

An European committee has to examine the case. Commissaries of each European country will have to take a decision : renew, or not, the sales authorization of the glyphosate in European Union. The assembly will take place the 25th of October. Deputies already voted a resolution to ban the product from non professional use from the 15th of December 2017.   

The organisation Food Trust, an NGO which has the mission to ensure an access to food for everyone said that this statement “ could be the beginning of the end of herbicide use in agriculture as we know it, leading to a new chapter of innovation and diversity”. Some country, like France, are already debating for a national prohibition of the glyphosate, if European negotiations are inconclusive.

In 2015, the World Health Organisation’s cancer agency, published a study. According to the experts, Glyphosate is “probably carcinogenic for humans”. The same year, Brussels received more than one million signatures for a moratorium about the chemical substance.

 

Quentin Bremand

 

 

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COP 22: For François Hollande, Washington must “respect its commitments about environment”

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source : LeMonde.fr

In the COP 22, on Tuesday 15th November, François Hollande made a statement to recall the importance of the commitments taken previously. He avails of his speech to say to Washington that they have to “respect its commitments about environment.” The deal concluded in 2015, is to maintain the global warming under 2°C, and if it’s possible under 1,5 °C. It’s to shape its engagements taken in Paris in the COP 21, that the President of France gave his speech in front of the 180 chiefs of states, governors and ministers in Marrakech.

“The United States, first economical power in the world, second greenhouse gaz transmitter, must respect its commitments about the environment,” said François Hollande. “It’s not only their duty, it’s their interest.” His speaking was clearly a message directed to the United States and in particular to the new president-elect Donald Trump. “France will lead the dialogue with the United States with an open mind, but with requirement and determination,” says the French President.

In fact during his campaign, the Republican candidate has threatened to cancel the agreement taken one year ago in Paris. This deal was adopted by 103 countries, including three big polluters: United States, China and India. According to Donald Trump, rules about the limitation of the global warming will “kill employments and shops.” François Hollande has recalled during his statement “the role of Barack Obama… which was crucial to come to an agreement in Paris.”

Mégane Coulon, IEJ 3F2

COP 22 in Marrakesch

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Source : Futura-sciences.com
Source : Futura-sciences.com

 

This Monday opened in Marrakesch the 22nd conference on climate change (COP 22) where 20,000 participants are expected. A year after the Paris agreement, many issues remain still unsolved.

What is a COP ? 

The COP 22 is the 22th Coference of the parties, to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change. It provides a comprehensive framework for climate negotiations, recognizes the existence of a climate change of human origin and gives industrialized countries the primacy of the responsibility to fight against this phenomenon. The 22nd climate conference is held in Marrakesch (Morocco) from 7 to 18 November. As each COP, the reserved part in the negotiations, the “blue zone”, will be placed under the authority of the United Nations. A “green zone” will bring together civil society, business and non-state actors. 

What are the main challenges of COP 22? 

The main challenges are to specify the implementation of the rules adopted by the Paris agreement, agree on the date of finalization of these common rules and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and counter the effects of global warming.

By Nlandu Jessy, IEJ 1D