France – Italy: nothing goes well

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Yellow vest influenced international
Luigi Di Maio supports the yellow vests.
Source: Creative Commons

Following Luigi di Maio’s participation in France’s “Yellow Vests” demonstration, France called back its ambassador from Rome, causing a major diplomatic crisis between the two countries.

With his partner Matteo Salvini, the chief of Lega, Luigi di Maio had expressed a lot of criticism about France and its recent social movements. According to the Italian vice Prime Minister, France refuses to take migrants who become murderers on their land. At the same time, Di Maio expressed clearly his support of the “Yellow Vests”: “Don’t abandon your movement, we’re going to support you,” he said.

France decided to call back immediately its ambassador for “consultations” after “attacks without evidence from Italian’ leaders”

As for Matteo Salvini, fifteen days ago, he called French people to “escape from a very bad president.”

Accusations and criticism:

“France has never stopped to colonize many African states,” said Luigi di Maio, the Italian vice prime minister at the European Union in January. Since those words, the tension between both countries has been rising.

Italian point of view:

For Gianni del Vecchio, co-director at the Huff Post in Italy, the population opposes Luigi Di Miao’s strategy. Vincenzo Boccia, leader of the Italian employer’s movement requires that the government stop to provoke France. “The problem is that their propaganda is very strong, this way a lot of people think that what Salvini and Di Maio say about France is true.” This is also why Di Maio wants to get closer to the “Yellow Vests”, in order to show his disapproval with Emmanuel Macron and his policy.

This big crisis is the first one since the end of the Second World war and constitutes “an unacceptable provocation” for France.

Camille Chatillon, 2C

Yellow Jackets in Toulouse: three photographers “deliberately” targeted by the police.

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“There is clearly a tension of the police against the media,” told AFP a journalist who came last Saturday to cover the protests of Yellow Jackets in Toulouse with two other colleagues, one of whom has been “deliberately” targeted by the police and injured.

Source: AFP

Three photographers who covered last Saturday the demonstration of Yellow Jackets in Toulouse said they were “deliberately” targeted by law enforcement. AFP reported on Sunday that one of them was wounded in the thigh by a grenade.

“If I show this wound, it is to denounce a deliberate attack by law enforcement against the press,” wrote on his Facebook page Valentin Belleville, an independent photographer at the Hans Lucas agency.

Valentin Belleville, posting a picture of his thigh on his Facebook account (© CC / Facebook / ValentinBelleville)

The tension was very noticeable Saturday afternoon on the Capitol Square in Toulouse, between the protesters descended to the number of thousands on the streets for the act 13 of the mobilization of Yellow Jackets, testifies the press. In the projectile jets of some of them, the police responded with the use of water cannon and fake bullets.

“We were all three completely isolated. The demonstrators were 50 meters behind, there was no danger for the police. I am closest to the police, my colleagues are right behind me. We wear helmets stamped “Presse”, armbands, our devices are imposing and visible”, said Valentin Belleville.

However, the three reporters decided “to get out of the demonstrators not to be between the police and them,” told AFP Ulrich Lebeuf, Liberation photographer in Toulouse, who was with Valentin Belleville and another colleague, Eric Lerbret.

“A grenade” exploded at the feet of Valentin Belleville, the agency said, adding that Ulrich Lebeuf, who has been a photo reporter for 20 years, identified it as “a de-encircling grenade.”
For Eric Lerbret, the third photographer, there is “no doubt” that they were targeted. “We are aware of the risks we are taking in covering these events, but our responsibility stops when we are deliberately targeted,” he told AFP. He regretted that photographers and videographers are more and more affected “in a context of escalating violence”.

I ask for explanations. Why were identified journalists targeted? One clearly feels a tension of the forces of the order towards the media, those who make images,” said Ulrich Lebeuf.

The three photographers claimed to have reported to the General Inspection of the National Police (IGPN) and added that they would file a complaint.


Axel Nunes, IEJ 2C

PSG-Man U: The infirmary fills up

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Calvary continues and the infirmary fills for the PSG. After Neymar, it is Edinson Cavani and Thomas Meunier who will be unavailable for the shock against Manchester United.

The Uruguayan “Matador” was to secure Paris offensive on Tuesday, February 12 with Kylian Mbappé and Angel Di Maria at Old Trafford, in a role of finisher. Cavani absent, it is the best Parisian scorer of early 2019 (7 goals) that disappears.

Yesterday, Edinson Cavani was injured during the match.

The possible substituts?

Replacement options are rare. There is Eric-Maxim Choupo-Moting, but the Cameroonian, author of a small goal in L1 who played only 50 minutes in the Champions League this season, disappoints at every appearance. Another solution would be to put Julian Draxler in the middle in an offensive task, in support of Mbappé, only in point.

It’s as if the spell is hounding

As if that was not enough, the PSG will also have to do without its right side Thomas Meunier, injured against Bordeaux on Saturday. The Belgian international needs to “rest until the next neurological inspection at the end of the week,” said the club Sunday.

Ange GR, IEJ2C, Group 2

Black Friday : The impact on French Economy

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Black Friday
Consumers during Black Friday, in a shop in the USA

Coming from the United States, Black Friday has become a global event. In France, it has existed since 2014.

Black Friday is the next day of Thanksgiving, traditional holiday in America. It triggers end-of-year shopping with discounted prices in all stores. Amazon, Rakuten, CDiscount are the big names that are participating in this event, that creates huge benefits. French companies attracted by revenues coming Black Friday established this event has established in 2014. The first participants were large sites that make huge profits in the North American (United States, Canada) and British sectors.

It has been taken over by the websites of major French retailers, such as Fnac, Darty, Boulanger or generalist like Auchan or Leclerc. They generate figures that are twice bigger than on an ordinary day. With the Black Friday and the Cyber Monday combined, there is a sales’ increase of 69%.
Originally only present on the e-commerce websites, Black Friday generalized and arouses more and more waiting by the French shoppers. In 2017, they bought for €910m on the Black Friday. And we hope for the billion of euros for this 2018’s edition. It has multiplied by 4 since the start of this event.

If Black Friday was created recently on 2010 in America, it has become an global event with billions of revenues in one day.

Emmanuel LASSABE, IEJ 3E G1

Davis Cup: Chardy is back

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Jeremy Chardy to play singles for France in Davis Cup final/The Rahnuma Daily

The Davis Cup’s final between France and Croatia begins this afternoon. For the first two singles, a surprising French composition, Jeremy Chardy and Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, will respectively face Borna Coric and Marin Cilic. 

On Lille’s indoor clay, Jeremy Chardy (ATP 40) is going to lead off, against an opponent better ranked than him, Borna Coric (ATP 12). He is a 22-year-old Croatian, part of the “Next Generation”. Coric has done a remarkable season, beating Roger Federer twice. It will be a difficult job for Chardy, who was unexpectedly aligned by Yannick Noah. Indeed, the French captain decided to rest Lucas Pouille, the French number one. Before his battle against Coric, Chardy, who canceled his honeymoon to be part of Davis Cup, explained: “Coric played really well this year. It’ll be very difficult but I’ll prepare my tactic with Yannick and I’ll give everything on the court.”

After this battle, the French player, Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (ATP 261) will face Marin Cilic (ATP 7). Tsonga’s ranking is explained by all his injuries. The Frenchman is just coming back from a long absence… On Saturday’s double, Nicolas Mahut and Pierre-Hugues Herbert will play against Mate Pavic and Ivan Dodig, before Sunday’s reverse singles, if required.

“We know we’re playing a much better team,” Yannick Noah said. “Coric and Cilic are much better than us in terms of their results lately and during the whole season. We know we have to be not only good, we have to be excellent. They’re a strong team.”

It will be hard for the French team, to win the “Silver Cup” for the second consecutive year. But “impossible is not French”!

Louise Amrhein, IEJ3E

FRANCE : Why are teachers striking ?

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For the first time since 2011, the union of teachers call a strike on Monday. They want to denounce the recent announcements of the minister of education, Jean-Michel Blanquer, who is, for the first time confronted with the social discontent.

Strike in French education

The motives of this anger are numerous:

The number of teaching posts is being reduced. Indeed, the budget for 2019 plans to delete around 2,650 posts in public middle schools and high schools (550 in the private, and 400 in the administration). On the other hand, about 1,800 posts will be created in the primary sector, by virtue of the priority given to the youngest pupils, wanted by the Secretary. The staff “does not understand” the staff cuts in the secondary sector, even more with the increase in population expected in middle schools and high schools.

The trade unions also criticize the reform of the high school diploma, which comes into force this year. Last February, Jean-Michel Blanquer announced, for 2021 the establishment, of a narrower examination around four tests and the abolition of the general series (literary, scientific, and social-economic) replaced by “specialities” chosen upstream. According to the teaching staff, the ministry has not yet delivered the necessary precision to inform the new high school students of what awaits them. 

Moreover, the government announced in October, a plan to reduce violence in schools which includes among other, the consideration of placing policemen in schools or creating special schools for the most rebellious students. The teaching and police labor unions considered several of these measures unsuitable or “impracticable”.


The number of antisemitic acts rising sharply in France

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doudou philippe officiel charles
The Prime Minister supports the Jewish community. Source: franç

French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announced in a forum posted on Facebook that the number of antisemitic acts in France has increased by 69% since the beginning of the year.

The figures have increased in the first nine months of 2018 after two years of decline. After high figures in 2015, they had significantly fallen in 2016 (-58%). A decline that continued the following year (-7%). For Francis Kalifat, president of the representative council of Jewish institutions in France, the figures released Friday are ”not a surprise”. He explained on the LCI channel that ”Antisemitism is deeply rooted in our country (…) we are reaching levels that will become insupportable,” he added.

A few days after the antisemitic attack in Pittsburgh in the United States, the Prime Minister had repeated he didn’t want to pass anything on antisemitism in France. The government is preparing for 2019 an amendment to the law to strengthen the fight against ”cyber hate” by putting pressure on net operators. In November, a national team will be ”permanently” available for the Ministry of National Education to intervene in schools. Recently, Edouard Philippe has put in place a plan against racism and antisemitism that provide the experimentation of ”a network of investigators and magistrates trained in the fight against the hate attacks”.

These figures are still to be used with caution. Indeed, there are no official statistics to measure their real extent. The law prohibits the classification of an assault according to the religious origin of the victim. The figures available are provided by cultural associations and cross-checked by the services of the Ministry of the Interior.


Charles Hoffsess, IEJ 3F