Following Luigi di Maio’s participation in France’s “Yellow Vests” demonstration, France called back its ambassador from Rome, causing a major diplomatic crisis between the two countries.
With his partner Matteo Salvini, the chief of Lega, Luigi di Maio had expressed a lot of criticism about France and its recent social movements. According to the Italian vice Prime Minister, France refuses to take migrants who become murderers on their land. At the same time, Di Maio expressed clearly his support of the “Yellow Vests”: “Don’t abandon your movement, we’re going to support you,” he said.
France decided to call back immediately its ambassador for “consultations” after “attacks without evidence from Italian’ leaders”
As for Matteo Salvini, fifteen days ago, he called French people to “escape from a very bad president.”
Accusations and criticism:
“France has never stopped to colonize many African states,” said Luigi di Maio, the Italian vice prime minister at the European Union in January. Since those words, the tension between both countries has been rising.
Italian point of view:
For Gianni del Vecchio, co-director at the Huff Post in Italy, the population opposes Luigi Di Miao’s strategy. Vincenzo Boccia, leader of the Italian employer’s movement requires that the government stop to provoke France. “The problem is that their propaganda is very strong, this way a lot of people think that what Salvini and Di Maio say about France is true.” This is also why Di Maio wants to get closer to the “Yellow Vests”, in order to show his disapproval with Emmanuel Macron and his policy.
This big crisis is the first one since the end of the Second World war and constitutes “an unacceptable provocation” for France.
Camille Chatillon, 2C
Sunday 11th November will be the date of celebrations of one hundredth anniversary of the end of the first world war, called the Armistice, signed in the forest of Compiègne, France. Emmanuel Macron will receive several heads of states, such as Donald Trump, Angela Merkel and Vladimir Putin, under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
Almost 19 million people died during the war. Military, civilians, this war was one of the deadliest conflicts of the world. It opposed the Allies, composed of France, Great Britain and the Russia against the Axe with Germany, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires. After 4 years of fights around the world (Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia), which began with the murder of the Austrian Archduke, the Allies won and signed the armistice in a wagon on the Rethondes clearing. “You have won the greatest battle in History and saved the most sacred cause, the World’s freedom,” said Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the French chief of military, after the signature.
For the German Empire, this signature was a treachery because they had to pay back all the damages of the war. The poverty in Germany due to the armistice’s economic conditions will be one of the causes that lead to Hitler’s ascension to the supreme power.
The anniversary of the end of the First World War will be followed by people all around the world.
Félix Mansard, IEJ3E
For two days, 150 ministers and government officials will be present at the 23rd UNO conference for climate. It’s the moment for the French president Emmanuel Macron and the Chancellor Angela Merkel to show their ambitions.
Adopted by the international community in December 2015, the Paris agreement aims to contain global warming under 2 C°. 2016 was the hottest year ever recorded and 2017 is on track to break records in extreme weather events.
Today and until Friday, many politicians will try to find solutions for the climate debate. Donald Trump’s desicion to leave the Paris agreement is a real problem. After the general secretary of UNO Antonio Gueterres, Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel will kick-off speeches. The two countries know they are able to play an essential role in the energy transition of Europe.
The objectives of the Franco-German couple
In Germany, the French president Emmanuel Macron will have to convince that France remains engaged to the climate change, despite the abandonment last week of the nuclear target for the year 2025. The French president will also have to reassure because he wants to be the leader on the climate subject in front of Donald Trump.
On he other hand, Angela Merkel has stopped the nuclear. However, her country still uses coal power plants. The chancellor is eagerly awaited because Greenpeace calls her to give up coal, otherwise she will miss her climate goals. Emmanuel Macron will pronounce his speech after Angela Merkel.
Christelle Pitagora, IEJ2B
This Thursday, French President Emmanuel Macron arrived in French Guiana, to announce measures against insecurity and illegal immigration. A perilous mission, 6 months after the social movement that had agitated this French territory. As such, the arrival of the French president took place in a hostile climate. Indeed, many opponents fought against the police. These clashes were especially due to a declaration of the French leader who said “I am not the Father Christmas” to Guiana’s population who is angry about the promises of the former French government who had to help them with the emergency plan. Indeed, former French president Francois Hollande promised 2.1 billion to Guiana to help them, but for the moment, they only received 1 billion.
Guianese protesters expect from Emmanuel Macron to respect his words, reminding that, during his political campaign, he said: “I will respect Guiana agreements, and I will go even further”. The collective Pou Laguiyann Dekole, who sent Monday a letter to the president to encourage him to consider the territory as “a top priority,” also asked to be received by him.
All the territory is still waiting for more financial aid from the French government.
Florent Druon, IEJ 1D
Emmanuel Macron made statements which shocked Tuesday on Algerian TV: he described the colonization as a crime against humanity. The far-right reacted immediately, denouncing his words as insulting.
The presidential candidate’s words have not gone unnoticed. In Algeria at the beginning of the week, Emmanuel Macron was invited on an Algerian television set. This is when he described the French colonization as a crime against humanity. We remember Francois Hollande who went to Algiers in 2012, when he denounced this “deeply unjust and brutal system”. Macron even explained that France had to apologize… However, in November, the presidential candidate held quite a different speech, evoking the colonisation as part of the French culture.
Then the youngest candidate of the upcoming election has attracted the wrath of the French right as well as the far right, accusing him of denigrating France and “stabbing the country in the back”. Many personalities have reacted by condemning the remarks of Macron, including François Fillon (still at the heart of a court case concerning his wife, Penelope’s shadow employment) who says that these remarks are “unworthy of a candidate for the Presidency of the Republic”, and Marion Maréchal Le Pen, then in a meeting at the city of Compiègne.
Emmanuel Macron tried to calm the controversy in a video. He took the opportunity to call for a new relationship with Algeria, a proposition that would probably go unnoticed without the controversial reference to colonization.
Aurélie Robert, IEJ 3C
Monday night a new documentary about the life of the former French economy minister Emmanuel Macron will be broadcast on France 3 in prime time. The film was produced by journalist Pierre Hurel and it’s called Emmanuel Macron – the strategy of the meteor.
For the moment, we could just watch a teaser in which images of the youth of Macron are shown, particularly a scene of him at 15 performing a play. This passage is important because it’s at this age that the politician to be fell in love with his French literature professor, Brigitte Trogneux. At that time she was 24 years older than him. Now she is his wife and his principal support in politics.
The title of the documentary says a lot about the angle of that report : Macron was a longtime mocked by the French political class for being a simple meteor in the political landscape. The future will say if his detractors are right or wrong but we will have to wait before we know more. That documentary will be a first response to this question.
Next Monday we’ll know if that documentary is a real journalistic work or just another strategy of communication at the service of Macron. The ex-minister has been creating a lot of buzz around his private image.We have to remind that he is candidate for the French presidency since Wednesday. And that kind of documentary can be an asset or an encumbrance in a presidential campaign.
François-Joseph Ambroselli, IEJ3E
Source: Europe 1
Emmanuel Macron, the former economy minister and head of the political movement “En Marche!”, puts pressure on Hollande with his annoncement to run in French presidential election.
Once upon a time, Emmanuel Macron, the ex-protégé of French president François Hollande, 38-year-old former investment banker for Rothschild Ltd. quit his post as the economy minister to start his own political movement called “En Marche!” (“On the Move!”). A few months later, as expected, Emmanuel Macron has confirmed his plans to run for president of France. Indeed, he launched his campaign in Bobigny (Paris’s suburb) on Wednesday. “I am ready, that’s why I am a candidate for the presidency,” he said. “France has left the road to progress. France is blocked.”
“I reject this system”
Macron promises to be “neither on the left nor on the right”, as he wants to promote new ideas. He is hoping to became an “unlikely champion” for the French youth, immigrants and minorities. In his programme, he plans notably to relinquish France’s 35 hours working week for younger people and make it easier for buisnesses to lay workers off. According to polls, Macron is at the top of the list of potential president from the left-centrist with 49% of population considering him as a good leader, in front of Manuel Valls (the current Prime Minister) with 42 % while the President François Hollande has only 13%.
The first round of the French presidential election will be in April, François Hollande has not yet confirmed to run for his re-election. This week end, during “Les Primaires de la droite et du Centre”, the candidate of the right wing (“Les Répblicains”) will be elected. So, the die isn’t cast yet…
Noémie Tissot, 3F group 2