Yesterday, the French President, François Hollande, invited on the TV show “Citizens’ Dialogue”, ensured that “there will be no ban on headscarves at university (…) No constitutional rule would approve this,” he said. He also answered the question suggesting the headscarf could be considered as “an enslavement of women” adding that “it depends on the way it is worn in society”.
The debate about the headscarf at College was opened by the French Prime Minister, Manuel Valls. On April the 13th, he proclaimed that he was in favor of the ban on headscarf at University. A position considered as a “stigmatization” by the French Council of the Muslim cult and a “risk of fracturing the society” for the First Secretary of the Socialist Party, Jean-Christophe Cambadélis.
Several members of the government are torn about the idea of the Prime Minister. Najat Vallaud-Belkhacem, the National Education Minister, said on the 12th of April that she “was not against this law. We deal with adults”. The day after, Thierry Mandon, the State Secretary for High Education, said that “there is no need for a law about the wearing of headscarf at University”.
Concerning the Muslim headscarf, only the integral ones, like burqas and niqabs, are prohibited in the streets or in any public spaces, including Universities, since 2011.
Marie Lefranc, IEJ 1 Bis
Since the beginning of October, many nuclear power plants are flown over by unidentified drones. Nobody has claimed these actions. The French government and EDF are concerned. EDF complaints and investigation is underway. Until now, twelve such flights have been observed in France since early October.
Yesterday, new flights have been spotted in the Tarn et Garonne and Seine-Maritime. The flights were seen by the police in charge of the safety of nuclear power plants. After 2007, and the intervention of Greenpeace in nuclear plants, security is prepared for human attacks, but not for air attacks. After these attacks, the Prime Minister, Manuel Valls gave the order to destroy any suspicious element. Greenpeace has denied any implications. If the association does something, they always claim their actions, according to a militant. The drones can be equipped with arms or explosives.
Overview of nuclear power plants is prohibited within a radius of five kilometers and 1,000 meters around the sites. There have been no arrests since the beginning of the investigation. The plants are closely monitored. Greenpeace activists and anti-nuclear activists are currently out of business.
Many planes flew at the same time, which lets us think that they are directed by the same team.
Adrien CHAIX, IEJ1B