Venezuela: is the Cold War back?

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In recent weeks, Venezuela has been going through an unprecedented crisis. The whole world  comments on the situation and take positions. Two clans have been formed: those who support Nicolas Maduro and those who support the opposition embodied by Juan Guaido. 

Venezuela tensions
Tensions in Venezuela divide countries
Source: Creative Commons

Juan Guaido, the president of the Venezuela’s parliament, is self-entitled acting president. In his view Nicolas Maduro, the current president, is responsible for the disastrous economic situation from which the country has been suffering for decades. In addition, the last elections that put  Maduro in power was considered by the international community as suspicious and with malfunctions. There are many tensions because Maduro retains the authority mainly thanks to the support of the army. 

All the countries take position about the Venezuela crisis. The country most opposed to Maduro is the United States of America. Donald Trump actively supported Juan Guaido and he congratulated those who go to the street to demonstrate their dissatisfaction. France, Europe, Brazil … some 40 countries are asking for the end of Maduro’s government.

Those who support Maduro

Some countries still support Maduro. For example, in Latin America, Cuba and Bolivia are the two great supporters of Nicolas Maduro. These are political affinities between left wing regimes to stand up to common enemy: Washington and the American imperialism. The two economic giants Russia and China support Maduro for the economic reasons. Indeed, China and Russia are the two first creditors of Venezuela. The country must pay for their debt with its oil.

None of the two presidents is ready to give up. The opposition does not exclude an American military operation to exit the crisis.


Donald Trump declares he is against late-term abortion

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Donald Trump criticized last week the late-term interruptions of pregnancy. His goal is to rally support beyond his most conservative base before the 2020 elections.

Donald Trump abortion
Donald Trump anti-abortion in third semester
Source: Creative Commons

Trump wants to deliver a new battle: the one over abortion. The President of the United States plans to attack late-term interruptions of pregnancy. In his speech of last Tuesday evening, Donald Trump attacked a law that has been recently adopted by the state of New York. He declared that this law “will pull a baby from the womb of his mother just before birth”. He added that he wants to “defend the dignity of each person”.

Despite their rarity, late interruptions of pregnancy give rise to strong reprobation. According to a Gallup poll, 60% of Americans believe that abortion must be legal in the first trimester of pregnancy, but the proportion drops to 28% in the second quarter and 13% in the third.

Donald Trump apparently chose the perfect time before next elections to address this subject. Even if the Supreme Court legalized abortion in 1973 and 57% of Americans are in favor of abortion, this subject divides a lot. Jo-Renee Formicola, a politic-sciences teacher explains that Donald Trump already has a lot of support among Evangelicals and Catholics. 59% of Republicans consider that abortion should be illegal and 76% of Democrats think the opposite.

Abortion might be the topic that divides the United States the most.

Pauline Knaff, IEJ2C


One year of Trump, what has been done?

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Source : La Voix du Nord

Today 9 Nov 2017 America celebrates the anniversary of the election of Donald J. Trump. In this occasion, we can wonder what has been done so far by the new president, how many promises have been accomplished and how. The secret of Donald Trump’s success has surely been is pop approach, marked by the slogan I will be the president of all Americans – but has he respected all of his promises?

The promise of a radical infrastructure plan that would have fostered America’s inner economy has not been implemented yet: only some minor tax cuts are likely to be approved by the Congres by the end of this year.

Trump has also been clear about his immigration policy, willing to send irregular migrants back home and making the rules for getting the green card much harsher to obtain than they were before, especially for Muslims.

As for his international policy, even the experts admit the difficulties of recovering some consistency in what Trumps does, his relations with Russia being quite tense today and given the absence of any diplomacy  in his public speeches.

It might be advanced that Trump’s only consistency can be recovered in his attempts to please his voters.


Maria Elena Gottarelli, IEJ 3F G2


Trump back in the turmoil

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This Tuesday on the Senate floor, two senators accused Donald Trump of being  “a danger for the democracy”.

In their opinion, the president of the US is debasing U.S politics and the country’s standing abroad.

Jeff Flake and Bob Corker made a public criticism about Trump. They chose to speak about Trump’s style of governing in an emotional speech. They described his American politics with rude terms like “Reckless”, “outrageous” and “undignified”.

After this humiliation, Trump replies obviously on Twitter. He accused them of supporting Democratic priorities. Also the president of the U.S made fun of Corker. He used his dismissal as “little Bob Corker”.

Those two senators also say that they wanted Trump to “act like a president of the United States but that’s not going to be the case apparently”. This rebellion could cause trouble for Trump’s legislative agenda.

On one side, Flake announced that he would leave politics when his term ends in early 2019. On the other side, Corker is not running for re-election in Tennessee. So they just decided to speak openly because they didn’t care anymore about voters’ reactions.



Glyphosate : Europe has to take a decision

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Glyphosate is one of the most popular weedkiller component in the world. It is so used, that the substance has been found in 45% of Europe’s topsoil. It has been used on a very large number of cultivable acres. Commercialized since 1974, this molecule has been detected in several products, including the famous Monsanto’s Roundup.

An European committee has to examine the case. Commissaries of each European country will have to take a decision : renew, or not, the sales authorization of the glyphosate in European Union. The assembly will take place the 25th of October. Deputies already voted a resolution to ban the product from non professional use from the 15th of December 2017.   

The organisation Food Trust, an NGO which has the mission to ensure an access to food for everyone said that this statement “ could be the beginning of the end of herbicide use in agriculture as we know it, leading to a new chapter of innovation and diversity”. Some country, like France, are already debating for a national prohibition of the glyphosate, if European negotiations are inconclusive.

In 2015, the World Health Organisation’s cancer agency, published a study. According to the experts, Glyphosate is “probably carcinogenic for humans”. The same year, Brussels received more than one million signatures for a moratorium about the chemical substance.


Quentin Bremand



Emmanuel Macron: controversial words on colonisation

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Emmanuel Macron made statements which shocked Tuesday on Algerian TV: he described the colonization as a crime against humanity.  The far-right reacted immediately, denouncing his words as insulting.

The presidential candidate’s words have not gone unnoticed. In Algeria at the beginning of the week, Emmanuel Macron was invited on an Algerian television set. This is when he described the French colonization as a crime against humanity. We remember Francois Hollande who went to Algiers in 2012, when he denounced this “deeply unjust and brutal system”. Macron even explained that France had to apologize… However, in November, the presidential candidate held quite a different speech, evoking the colonisation as part of the French culture.


Then the youngest candidate of the upcoming election has attracted the wrath of the French right as well as the far right, accusing him of denigrating France and “stabbing the country in the back”. Many personalities have reacted by condemning the remarks of Macron, including François Fillon (still at the heart of a court case concerning his wife, Penelope’s shadow employment) who says that these remarks are “unworthy of a candidate for the Presidency of the Republic”, and Marion Maréchal Le Pen, then in a meeting at the city of Compiègne.

Emmanuel Macron tried to calm the controversy in a video. He took the opportunity to call for a new relationship with Algeria, a proposition that would probably go unnoticed without the controversial reference to colonization.

Aurélie Robert, IEJ 3C

National Front : Jean-Marie Le Pen excluded but still Honorary President

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Source: Europe 1
Source: Europe 1


It was a surprise but the court of Nanterre took a drastic action. Jean-Marie Le Pen has been excluded from the National Front, Thursday, November 17th. However, he remains the Honorary President of the party. 

The founder of the far-right National front in 1972. Jean-Marie Le Pen stood for Presidential elections several times. He was present in the second tour against Jacques Chirac in 2002 but has been easily defeated by the former President. He is now secluded from politics but his voice still finds echo with the sympathisers of the party.

The National Front is currently directed by Marine Le Pen, Jean-Marie’s daughter. They used to share the same ideas but the situation degraded a few years ago. Jean-Marie Le Pen has been banned from the NF in August 2015. He proclaimed several times in the press and on TV that he paid tribute to Maréchal Pétain and that the gas chambers (during the World War II) were a “triviality in History”.

Jean-Marie Le Pen is then excluded from the NF but he keeps his title of Honorary President of the party. The party is obliged to include Jean-Marie Le Pen in all the authorities of the party. If the decision of the court is not observed, the party exposes itself to a fine of 2,000€.

Florian Philippot, Vice-President of the party, declared that the decision “is pretty stupid”.

Clarisse Dutillie, IEJ3E

Donald Trump President : reactions of French politicians

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Source : Francebleu

In the morning, the victory of Donald Trump in the presidential election of the United States was formalized. The Republican has won against the favorite Democrat Hillary Clinton, which activated a wave of reactions of French politicians.

The first reaction which marked the results of the election in France is the declaration of Marine LePen before the official result. The president of the National Front has congratulated the Republican even before his victory was officially confirmed and the American people who she declared  “free”. Her premature reaction has irritated the French who still believed in Clinton’s victory. The former president of the French Republic Nicolas Sarkozy, explains that the victory of Trump “expresses the refusal of a unique thought of the American people”. A declaration that leaves no one indifferent and sobering about the upcoming French elections.

On the other side Jean-Pierre Raffarin former prime minister, who was never partisan of Trump,  dreads that the scenario of his election repeats in the next spring in France, on the occasion of the presidential election. The far-left militant Jean-Christophe Cambadélis warns the left party : “The Left is warned! Let us continue our irresponsible childish acts and it will be Marine Le Pen.” The last one to express his reaction about the victory of Trump was François Hollande. The President of the Republic congratulated Donald Trump for his election, “as it is natural between two democratic heads of state”. He considered that this result was opening “a period of uncertainty”.

The election of Donald Trump has not only enlivened the country of the United States, it has also created a climate of fear about the France of tomorrow.

Morgane Bouvier, IEJ3F

Primary election : Alain Juppé corroborates his advantage

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Source : Change.fr

The second debate for the primary election of the French right wing took place on Thursday, November 3rd. Voters are going to select their favorite candidate on the 27th of November. The debate took place in the Wagram room and was broadcasted on BFM TV.

Among the seven candidates, Alain Juppé is the favorite in the opinion poll, considered by the voters as the closest one to their torments. He is also judged to be the most skilled to fight the terrorist threat. Alain Juppé embodies a certain kind of wisdom which differs from the other candidates’ arguments. 

Alain Juppé is a famous French politician. He has been Minister of the Budget, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Jacques Chirac’s Prime Minister. He is also the Mayor of Bordeaux since 1995.

Yesterday, Alain Juppé was confident. In order to reassure the voters, he announced :

“I am not the kind of man who changes every six months.”

His major competitor is Nicolas Sarkozy, the former French President. Indeed, Nicolas Sarkozy follows Alain Juppé on his heels. If Alain Juppé is the favorite one in general, Nicolas Sarkozy is the favorite of the voters of the right and the center.

Clarisse Dutillie IEJ 3E

Emmanuel Macron is moving “Forward”

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12952875_1145745558789693_1153074156_oIt’s in his home town of Amiens, in northern France, on Wednesday, that Emmanuel Macron announced that he was lauching his own political movement called “En Marche !” (Forward!) which is, according to his words, “neither of the right nor the left”.


With just over a year to go until French presidential election in 2017, the country’s economy minister chose the perfect timing.

The citizens are becoming tired of all the old parties and the fact that all the borders between political movements have merged. Macron intends to seduce young as well as old people and bring “fresh air” to this political disorder.

However, this evolution doesn’t please everybody. Emmanuel Macron is launching his movement while he is still involved in another one, the socialist-party. Manuel Valls, the current Prime minister  said “There is a left and a right movement. It will be absurd to erase all these differences”. But Macron has a response to it “I’m in a leftwing government, unashamedly, but I also want to work with people from the right, who commit to the same values. This ambition, it’s radical, it’s a bit crazy, but there is such an energy in this country.”

Despite many critics, some political deputies seem to enjoy it: “The fantasy of the union of the right movements found its champion with Macron,” said Florian Philippot, vice president of the Front National.

Macron claimed that “this is not a movement for yet another candidate for the presidential election, that’s not my priority today.”

Marion Clément, IEJ 1 BIS